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default help in exam of lexicology

Post by myenglish on Wed Mar 09, 2011 8:44 pm

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myenglish

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default Re: help in exam of lexicology

Post by Anna on Fri Mar 11, 2011 5:25 pm

EXAMINATION AREAS – LEXICOLOGY
1. Definition of lexicology, its place within the humanities and other linguistic disciplines;
historical survey; theoretical sources; types of lexicology; branches of lexicology; methods
of lexicological research; onomasiological and semasiological approach;
2. Basic units of lexicology, their definitions, differences and systemic relatedness - word,
naming unit, lexeme, lexia; elements of morphological and onomatological analysis;
motivated and non-motivated lexical units; monolexical and polylexical units;
characteristic features of lexis as object of lexicology;
3. Lexicography as a theoretical and pragmatic discipline; types of dictionaries; basic notions
- entry/head word, lexia, lemma; historical survey of British, American and Slovak
Anglicist dictionaries; recent dictionaries and dictionaries of neologisms; English and
Slovak lexical corpora; internet lexicographical sources;
4. Linguistic characterization of Contemporary English from the genetic and typological
points of view; periods of the development of English and their features; earliest written
documents in English; basic characteristic features of Contemporary English lexis; core,
general vocabulary and periphery; genetic origin of the core of English vocabulary; native
Anglo-Saxon lexical units in synchronical and diachronical perspective and their
preservation and/or modifications;
5. Borrowings from Celtic and their peripheral place in the lexis; borrowings from Latin -
continental, colonization, Christenization, renaissance and neo-classical borrowings; their
range, place in the lexis, functional roles and functional-communicative importance;
comparisons with the lexical situation in Slovak;
6. Scandinavian borrowings and their place and importance in the lexis of Contemporary
English; etymological doublets of native and Scandinavian origin; penetration of
Scandinavian features into morphology; instances of regularization of English vocabulary
by Scandinavian borrowings;
7. Genetic origin of the Normans; the linguistic characteristics of Norman French; the
linguistic situation in Britain after the Norman Conquest; borrowings from Norman French
in Contemporary English; dynamic changes in the English lexis due to Norman French
borrowings; Parisian French borrowings, their place in Contemporary English vocabulary
and specific features of their assimilation; Norman French and Parisian French
etymological doublets;
8. Linguistic situation in Britain between 1200 - 1600; coexistence of several languages and
their functional roles; weakening of the position of French; historical, political, social and
linguistic conditions and reasons of the survival and strengthening of the position of
English; the process of Standardization of English; linguistic features of Standardization;
documents codifying Standardized English;
9. Developments of English between 1700 -1900; wide internationalization of English
wordstock; direct and indirect borrowings from various languages and their assimilation;
rise of geographical variants of English; basic characterization of lexical differences in
American, Canadian and Australian English with regard to British English;
10. Further extension and internationalization of English vocabulary; extension of
terminological vocabulary; diversification of linguistic roles and dynamic developments in
colloqual English and slang; neologisms in the 20th century;
11. Internationalization of the roles of English; rise of International English; English as a
source of borrowings; borrowings from English in Slovak - historical considerations,
communicative roles, socio-linguistic attitudes to them, their assimilation processes and
dynamic developments;
12. Borrowing as a word-formative process; reasons of borrowing; sources of borrowing;
origin of borrowing; assimilation of borrowings; barbarisms, foreignisms;
internationalisms; non-parallel internationalisms; faux amis; paronyms
13. General classification of word-formation; language-inherent and language-adherent wordformative
processes; types of word-formative processes in English and their
characterization; productive and non-productive word-formative processes; comparisons
with the classification of word-formative processes in Slovak
14. Derivation as a word-formative process in English; etymology of affixes; native and
borrowed affixes; productive and non-productive affixes; valency of affixes; hybrids;
comparisons with Slovak;
15. Class-changing affixes in English; alloforms of affixes; affixoids and radixoids; polysemy,
homonymy and synonymy of affixes; semantic classification of affixes; phonetic,
phonological, suprasegmental and graphical modifications due to derivation; comparisons
with Slovak;
16. Conversion as a word-formative process in English; historical development of conversion;
types and contemporary productivity of conversion; partial conversion; semantic
consequences of conversion; enantiosemy; comparisons with Slovak;
17. Compounding as a word-formative process in English; theories of compounding;
classification of compounds according to their categorial constituents and resulting wordcategory;
endocentric and exocentric compounds; bahuvrihi and tatpurusha compounds;
repetitive compounds, ablaut and rhyme combinations; pseudo-compounds; faded
motivation and compounding; comparisons with Slovak;
18. Shortening as a word-formative process in English; historical development of shortening;
classification of shortenings - lexical shortenings, abbreviation into initial letters,
acronyms, contractions; communicative and stylistic functions of shortenings;
comparisons with Slovak;
19. Blending as a word-formative process in English; historical development of blending;
classification of blends; neological blends; word-formative potential of blending;
communicative impact of blends; blends in Slovak;
20. Back-formation as a word-formative process in English; historical development of backformation;
classification of back-formations; productivity and non-productivity of the
particular types;
21. Sound changes, sound imitation and artificial word-formation; symbols used in electronic
communication; neological word-formative tendencies; ad-hoc formations; stylistic
revaluation;
22. Semantic change as a word-formative process; types of semantic change; semantic change
resulting in polysemy, split of polysemy, homonymy,
23. Phraseology and its place in the English linguistic system; origin of phraseologisms; types
of phraseologisms; definition of idioms, phrasemes, phraseological collocations, proverbs
and sayings; clichés; communicative and stylistic functions of phraseologisms

Anna


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